Linen is regarded as the oldest fabric known. Not only that, linen fabric is also considered as the most eco-friendly fabric because of the abundance of flax plant. In Latin, flax plant is called ‘linum’ hence the term linen. There are other important, worth-knowing information about flax and linen as follows.
While only the flax fiber is used in making linens, there are no parts of the plants are wasted. Other parts are used in making other household and industrial items like soap, oil, linoleum, straw, paper, etc.
Further, linens have absorbent qualities, but produces use less water in manufacturing the fabric. In fact, its production uses more than 10 times less water compared to cotton production. The fabric is also recyclable and biodegradable.
Depending on the quality of the flax fiber, linens can be made into varying qualities. There are silky and sack-like linens. The natural color of the fabric is dirty white to ivory. It can be washed at 95 degrees Celsius. The fabric must be ironed when it is damp.
Linen shrinks during the first wash since it is made from natural fibers. When wet, the fabric tends to gain 20% more strength. This results to greater longevity compared to cotton and other fabrics. Linens are actually known for its long lifespan. Their tensile strength is greater than cotton and wool. With repetitive washing, the fabric becomes softer and more comfortable to use or wear.